Africa (Sub Saharan) Gender Development Index Over the Last 25 Years

Updated: Jan 31, 2019

Africa Sub Saharan is lowest on Gender Development Index (GDI) 2015 compared to all other regions. Central and West african regions rank extremely low on GDI. Overall both male and female rank lowest on human development index. Consistent gap in female development compared to male development. Over the last 15 years the improvement in male development is 0.09% and in female development is 0.10%. Countries specifically low across majority of development indicators are Mali, Chad, Niger, Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Congo (Democratic Republic), Gambia and Ghana. Interact with the dashboard via this link.


Africa (Sub Saharan) is lowest on female education both compared to male and other region females. Females have lowest mean and expected years of education. Over the last 25 years the expected levels of education for females has gone up from 6 years (1990) to 10 years (2015) however, the mean level of education of females has only increased by 2 years from 2.4 years (1990) to 4.4 years (2015). The gap between expected and mean level of education for females has increase from 4 years (1990) to 6 years (2015). This is in addition to having lowest percent share of females with secondary education level on gender inequality index. Similarly, the gap between expected and mean level of education for males has also increased from 3 years (1990) to 5 years (2015). Overall, Africa (Sub Saharan) is extremely low on both male and female education compared to other regions. Overall, life expectancy is low for both males and females in the region. On an average women outlive men by only 3 years, global average is 5 years. The region is overall low on female health. Africa (Sub Saharan) has the highest female labor force participation rate globally however, women earn the lowest compared to all other regions. The region overall has low Gross National Income (PPP$) contribution by both male and female.


United Nations determines human development index ranking based on 5 critical indicators: human development, life expectancy, mean and expected years of schooling and gross national income ($PPP). Human development indicators are captured gender disaggregated to determine the development of both males and females in a country or region.


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